The Agrobiodiversity Index is the first tool that brings together existing data on diets and markets, production and genetic resources, analysing them under the lens of agrobiodiversity. It measures:
- Status – the current state of biodiversity in food and agriculture.
- Actions – how much policies, investments and practices support biodiversity in food and agriculture;
- Commitments – the level of commitment towards improved agrobiodiversity.
Commitment indicators measure the country, company or project strategies and policies for improving use and management of agrobiodiversity for healthy diets, sustainable agriculture and for future use options.+
Commitment indicators are:
- Indicator 1: Level of commitment to enhancing agrobiodiversity in consumption and markets for healthy diets (Pillar 1).
- Indicator 2: Level of commitment to enhancing production and maintenance of agrobiodiversity for sustainable agriculture (Pillar 2).
- Indicator 3: Level of commitment to enhancing agrobiodiversity genetic resource management for current and future use options (Pillar 3).
Action indicators focus on what countries, companies or projects are actually doing to increase agrobiodiversity across the food system, showing the extent to which policies are put into action to achieve what they committed to.+
Action indicators are:
- Indicator 1: Consumption and market management practices supporting the use and conservation of agrobiodiversity (Pillar 1).
- Indicator 2: Production management practices supporting the use and conservation of agrobiodiversity (Pillar 2).
- Indicator 3: Production diversity based practices (Pillar 2).
- Indicator 4: Genetic resource management practices supporting the use and conservation of agrobiodiversity (Pillar 3).
Status indicators measure the actual status of agrobiodiversity in terms of species, varieties, landscape complexity and functional diversity at relevant scales for each of the pillar. +
At the moment, 15 Status indicators are in use, which can be grouped into seven types.
- Type 1 – Varietal diversity it measures the number of varieties within a species in a food basket (Pillar 1), production system (Pillar 2) or genetic resource system (Pillar 3)
- Type 2 – Species diversity: : it measures the diversity of biological species in a food basket (Pillar 1), production system (Pillar 2) or genetic resource system (Pillar 3)
- Type 3 – Functional diversity it measures the diversity of functional groups, based on nutritional composition and quantity of the species available in the targeted food basket (Pillar 1), production system (Pillar 2) or genetic resource system (Pillar 3)
- Type 4 – Local or underutilized species: it measures the proportion of underutilized local species in the total energy supply (Pillar 1), production area (Pillar 2), or number of samples in genebanks and occurrence data from herbaria (Pillar 3)
- Type 5 – Pollinator diversity: it measures the level of pollinator diversity, through the pollinator diversity index developed by the PREDICTS (Projecting Responses of Ecological Diversity in Changing Terrestrial Systems) team. It is only applicable to Pillar2.
- Type 6 – Soil biodiversity: it measures the potential level of diversity living in the targeted soils, based on the soil biodiversity index developed by the Global Soil Biodiversity Atlas. This indicator applies only to Pillar 2
- Type 7 – Landscape complexity: it measures habitat diversity, using ecosystem unit and land use and cover data. This indicator applies only to Pillar 2.
- Align with global development targets. Agrobiodiversity contributes to at least 4 Sustainable Development Goals and 7 Aichi Biodiversity Targets. The Agrobiodiversity Index helps measure progress against global targets linked to sustainable use and conservation of agricultural biodiversity.
- Assess risks and opportunities. The Agrobiodiversity Index helps assess risks and opportunities linked to agrobiodiversity loss and presence, to support strategic decisions, including in value chain diversification, budget allocation, and research and development.
- Plan interventions. Results from the Agrobiodiversity Index can help identify strategies and plan interventions to improve the quality and quantity of yields while caring about the planet.
- Rank and benchmark. The Agrobiodiversity Index allows comparison among countries, companies and investments, to stimulate peer-to-peer knowledge exchange on sustainability practices for improve sustainable use and conservation of agrobiodiversity.
- Leverage investments. The Agrobiodiversity Index helps investors improve their portfolios by re-orienting funds towards.